On April 30, 1789, George Washington, standing on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York, took his oath of office as the first President of the United States. "As the first of every thing, in our situation will serve to establish a Precedent," he wrote James Madison, "it is devoutly wished on my part, that these precedents may be fixed on true principles."
Born in 1732 into a Virginia planter family, he learned the morals, manners, and body of knowledge requisite for an 18th century Virginia gentleman.
He pursued two intertwined interests: military arts and western expansion. At 16 he helped survey Shenandoah lands for Thomas, Lord Fairfax. Commissioned a lieutenant colonel in 1754, he fought the first skirmishes of what grew into the French and Indian War. The next year, as an aide to Gen. Edward Braddock, he escaped injury although four bullets ripped his coat and two horses were shot from under him.
From 1759 to the outbreak of the American Revolution, Washington managed his lands around Mount Vernon and served in the Virginia House of Burgesses. Married to a widow, Martha Dandridge Custis, he devoted himself to a busy and happy life. But like his fellow planters, Washington felt himself exploited by British merchants and hampered by British regulations. As the quarrel with the mother country grew acute, he moderately but firmly voiced his resistance to the restrictions.
When the Second Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia in May 1775, Washington, one of the Virginia delegates, was elected Commander in Chief of the Continental Army. On July 3, 1775, at Cambridge, Massachusetts, he took command of his ill-trained troops and embarked upon a war that was to last six grueling years.
He realized early that the best strategy was to harass the British. He reported to Congress, "we should on all Occasions avoid a general Action, or put anything to the Risque, unless compelled by a necessity, into which we ought never to be drawn." Ensuing battles saw him fall back slowly, then strike unexpectedly. Finally in 1781 with the aid of French allies--he forced the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown.
Washington longed to retire to his fields at Mount Vernon. But he soon realized that the Nation under its Articles of Confederation was not functioning well, so he became a prime mover in the steps leading to the Constitutional Convention at Philadelphia in 1787. When the new Constitution was ratified, the Electoral College unanimously elected Washington President.
He did not infringe upon the policy making powers that he felt the Constitution gave Congress. But the determination of foreign policy became preponderantly a Presidential concern. When the French Revolution led to a major war between France and England, Washington refused to accept entirely the recommendations of either his Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, who was pro-French, or his Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, who was pro-British. Rather, he insisted upon a neutral course until the United States could grow stronger.
To his disappointment, two parties were developing by the end of his first term. Wearied of politics, feeling old, he retired at the end of his second. In his Farewell Address, he urged his countrymen to forswear excessive party spirit and geographical distinctions. In foreign affairs, he warned against long-term alliances.
Washington enjoyed less than three years of retirement at Mount Vernon, for he died of a throat infection December 14, 1799. For months the Nation mourned him.Source: http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewashington
George Washington began commercial distilling in 1797 at the urging of his Scottish farm manager, James Anderson, who had experience distilling grain in
By the end of the summer, the makeshift distillery was so successful that
The enlarged distillery was working by the spring of 1798. Its success was immediate, and George Washington commented in a letter the following year to his nephew:
Two hundred gallons of Whiskey will be ready this day for your call, and the sooner it is taken the better, as the demand for this article (in these parts) is brisk.... (George Washington, October 1799)
That George Washington was willing to commit to distilling by building such a large structure is evidence of his desire to pursue the most innovative and creative farming practices of the day. Despite having no prior experience in distilling, he quickly became acquainted with the process. In 1798, George Washington noted that
Rye chiefly, and Indian Corn in a certain proportion, compose the materials from which the Whiskey is made.... (George Washington, February 1798)
The finished product was contained in barrels manufactured at the site and marketed to local farmers in
George Washington's death in 1799 interrupted the growing success of the distillery, and within a decade the building fell into disrepair as many of the building’s stones were taken away to use in local construction projects.
In 1932 the
George Washington’s Gristmill was reopened to the public in April 2002. Ground was broken in the summer of 2005 on the Distillery, and the building was completed in March 2007. The Distillery opens to the public on
Following is some family tree information for George Washington, the first president of the United States.
Not only was he president, he was one of the founding fathers involved in the creation of the country. During the American Revolution, he was a prominent military figure. Once the United States had declared its independence, he became a more political influence, leading to his election. He held his presidential post for 2 terms, between 1789 and 1797.
Though you may share ancestors with Mr. Washington, you won't be a descendant because he and his wife Martha had no children.
So, here is George Washington's ancestry, in the form of an ahnentafel chart.
1. George Washington – b.1731 d.1799
2. Augustine Washington – b.1693 d. 1743
3. Mary Ball – b.1708 d.1789
4. Lawrence Washington – b.1659 d.1697
5. Mildred Warner – b.1670 d.1701
6. Joseph Ball – b.1649 d.1711
7. Mary Bennett – d. 1720
8. John Washington – b.1633 d. 1676
9. Anne Pope – d.1667
10. Augustine Warner – b.1642 d.1681
11. Mildred Reade – d.1693
12. William Ball – b.1614 d.1680
13. Hannah Artherold – b.1614 d.1694
16. Lawrence Washington – b.1601 – d.1652
17. Amphyllis Twigden – b.1601 d.1654
18. Nathanial Pope – d.1659
20. Augustine Warner – b.1611 d.1674
21.Mary Towneley – b.1614 d.1662
22. George Reade – b.1608 d.1674
23. Elizabeth Martiau – d.1685
32. Lawrence Washington – b.1568 d.1616
33. Margaret Butler – b.1568 d.1652
34. John Twigden – d.1611
35. Anne Dickens – d.1637
42. Lawrence Towneley – d.1654
43. Jennet Halstead – d.1623
44. Robert Reade – d.1627
45. Mildred Windebank – b.1564 d.1630
46. Nicholas Martiau – b.1591 d.1657
64. Robert Washington – b.1544 d.1620
65. Elizabeth Light – d.1599
66. William Butler
67. Margaret Greeke
68. Thomas Twigden
69. William Dickens – d.1582
70. Anne Thorton d.1614
84. Lawrence Towneley – d.1567
85. Margaret Hartley
86. John Halstead – d.1601
88. Andrew Reade – d.1623
89. Alice Cooke – d.1605
90. Thomas Windebank – d.1607
91. Frances Dymoke
If you continue back for a few more hundred years, you will find the connection between George Washington and the British monarchy, specifically as a descendant of King Edward III.